What is a CMP?
The Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) is a blood test which serves as an initial broad screening tool. It measures your blood sugar level, electrolyte balance, fluid balance, kidney function, and liver function. The CMP is part of our Essential and Essential Plus Screening Panels.
What is included in a CMP?
A CMP will check the following:
- Albumin/Globulin Ratio
- BUN/Creatinine Ratio
- Carbon Dioxide
- Creatinine with GFR
- Total Bilirubin
- Total Protein
- Urea Nitrogen
Why should I get tested?
If you want a general health screening or are having symptoms such as fatigue, increased or decreased urination, weight loss, frequent infections, fluid retention, dark urine, or yellowing of the skin or eyes you may want to get a CMP. How should I prepare for the test?
You should avoid food and liquids (with the exception of water) for 8-12 hours prior to getting a CMP.
What could my screening results mean?
Glucose and Calcium are general tests. They help screen for a wide variety of problems. Elevated glucose, for example, could indicate diabetes or pre-diabetes.Albumin and Total Protein Tests measure protein in the blood and screen for both kidney and liver disorders. A kidney function assessment also includes blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine, while the liver function assessment includes; alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine amino transferase (ALT), aspartate amino transferase (AST), and total bilirubin.Electrolytes include; sodium, potassium, carbon dioxide (CO2), and chloride. The levels and balance among them are tightly regulated by the body. Both individual values and ratios among the values are important. Abnormalities among either can indicate problems such as an electrolyte disturbance, acid-base imbalance, or kidney dysfunction.Individual tests are sensitive, but they usually do not specifically tell you what is wrong. If the CMP test detects significant deviations from the normal range, results are typically followed up with other tests to confirm or rule out suspected conditions. If a CMP test indicates abnormalities, you should consult your healthcare provider for further analysis.