Elevated levels of Homocysteine in the blood is associated increased risk of heart attacks, strokes, blood clots, and research has linked elevated levels to Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s, Multiple Sclerosis as well as other neurodegenerative disorders.
Homocysteine testing is useful in checking the overall risk of heart disease. Screening for elevated Homocysteine levels is recommended in patients with a strong personal or family history of heart disease, and it is also recommended for patients with unexplained blood clots, heart attacks, strokes, or other symptoms related to heart disease, especially if they do not have typical risk factors, such as smoking cigarettes, diabetes, high blood pressure, or high LDL cholesterol levels.
In addition, research has linked multiple sclerosis increased levels of Homocysteine and decreased levels of Vitamin B-12. Homocysteine is not a definite predictor of MS, but it can be useful when combined with other testing methods.